“The more sites and artifacts that archaeologists discover, the less we know about the past”. Paradox? Perhaps not. Recent excavations in Orkney Islands off the northern tip of Scotland turned up unexpected and unprecedented remains. Here, at a time before long Stonehenge was constructed far to the south, people were building houses and decorating pottery and buildings in ways precious and stunning. Is this new site (dating to 5000 years ago) at the Ness of Brodgar a temple, a village, a workshop? A complex of sturdy long-lasting stone-walled buildings stand within stone walls.